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Importance and Potential of Dentists in Identifying Patients at High Risk of Diabetes

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Siddardha G. Chandrupatla*, Ranadheer Ramachandra, Satyanarayana Dantala, Krishnappa Pushpanjali and Mary Tavares   Pages 67 - 73 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Objectives: The study was conducted to assess the utilization of medical and dental services by dental patients at two dental school hospitals and to approximate the number of patients having no known previous diagnosis of type 2 diabetes but are at high risk of acquiring it.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at two dental school hospitals in India. A 20-item questionnaire was administered as interviews among the dental patients aged 35 to 55 years. Data was collected on past dental and medical visits, medical history, family history relevant to diabetes, cardiovascular health, BMI and waist circumference (measured).

Results: A total of 413 adult patients (males 61.26%, females 38.74%) participated in the surveys. The mean age was 43.06 years. Results revealed that nearly 50% did not have a medical or a dental visit in the last 1 year, 33% had Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD). Among those who did not have medical visit in last one year 45% had BMI >25 kg, 55% had waist circumference above the normal range and 38% were at high risk of diabetes.

Conclusion: The high number of patients without a medical visit in the past year or more, as well as the high levels of diabetes risk indicators, affirms the need for dentists to perform chair-side screenings for diabetes. These results suggest the need for additional training among dental students to improve early detection and identification of high-risk patients to minimize potential morbidity due to diabetes.

Keywords:

Chairside medical screening, diabetes, Indian diabetes risk score, dentists, non-communicable diseases, CVD.

Affiliation:

Department of Oral Epidemiology and Health Policy, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, Department of Public Health Dentistry, M.S. Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Panineeya Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Department of Public Health Dentistry, M.S. Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, Department of Oral Epidemiology and Health Policy, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA



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