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Renin–Angiotensin–Aldosterone System Gene Polymorphisms and Type 2 Diabetic Nephropathy in Asian Populations: An Updated Meta-analysis

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Norfazilah Ahmad, Rahman Jamal *, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor and Nor Azian Abdul Murad   Pages 263 - 276 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Background: The association of polymorphisms in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system candidate genes, namely Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Insertion/Deletion (I/D), Angiotensinogen (AGT) M235T and Angiotensin II Receptor Type 1 (AGTR1) A1166C with Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) has been studied for decades.

Objective: This meta-analysis aimed to assess the updated pooled effects of these polymorphisms with DN among Asian populations with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: The PubMed electronic database was searched without duration filter until August 2017 and the reference list of eligible studies was screened. The association of each polymorphism with DN was examined using odds ratio and its 95% confidence interval based on dominant, recessive and allele models. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on region, DN definition and DM duration.

Results: In the main analysis, the ACE I/D (all models) and AGTR1 A1166C (dominant model) showed a significant association with DN. The main analysis of the AGT M235T polymorphism did not yield significant findings. There were significant subgroup differences and indication of significantly higher odds for DN in terms of DM duration (≥10 years) for ACE I/D (all models), AGT M235T (recessive and allele models) and AGTR1 A1166C (recessive model). Significant subgroup differences were also observed for DN definition (advanced DN group) and region (South Asia) for AGTR1 A1166C (recessive model).

Conclusion: In the Asian populations, ACE I/D and AGTR1 A1166C may contribute to DN susceptibility in patients with T2DM by different genetic models. However, the role of AGT M235T needs to be further evaluated.

Keywords:

Type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetic nephropathy, ACE I/D, AGT M235T, AGTR1 A1166C, renin-angiotensinaldosterone system, Asian.

Affiliation:

UKM Medical Molecular Biology Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, UKM Medical Molecular Biology Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, UKM Medical Molecular Biology Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Nephrology Unit, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, UKM Medical Molecular Biology Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur



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