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A Tale of Two Eras: Mining Big Data from Electronic Health Records to Determine Limb Salvage Rates with Podiatry

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Brian M. Schmidt*, Crystal M. Holmes, Wen Ye and Rodica Pop-Busui   Pages 497 - 502 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Aims/Hypothesis: Diabetic foot complications remain very prevalent in the US and worldwide, and a major risk for devastating amputations. We evaluated the impact of establishing a fully integrated and specialized Podiatry service into a large tertiary academic health system to implement structured and targeted preventative foot care on limb salvage rates.

Methods: Cross-sectional cohorts’ data mining analysis was conducted of all encounters for diabetes and any foot complications between 2000-2005 and 2010-2015, preceding and after full implementation of podiatry service, respectively. The primary outcome was the change in major non-traumatic lower extremity amputations. Secondary outcomes included minor non-traumatic lower extremity amputations, other diabetic foot complications, limb salvage procedures as documented by procedural coding, and location (outpatient, inpatient, ED) of service rendered.

Results: We analyzed 100 million patient encounters that met the above criteria. Compared with the initial cohort, integration of specialized podiatry services resulted in a significant decrease in the number of major amputations from 127 to 85/year (p<0.05), and halved the amputations rate from 0.004% to 0.002% (p<0.05). Rates of minor lower extremity amputations remained unchanged (p>0.10), while the rates of preventative procedures including foot ulcer debridement doubled (0.0002% to 0.0004% ; p<0.03). Diagnoses of diabetic foot complications increased significantly (p<0.05) and shifted toward the outpatient setting.

Conclusion: Full integration of specialized Podiatry service led to a significant decrease in major amputation rates, supporting teamwork between podiatry and diabetes health-care providers is essential to performing timely diabetic foot complications management, preventative procedures leading to limb salvage, and a shift in the care location.

Keywords:

Diabetic foot, limb salvage, amputation, debridement, podiatry, electronic health records.

Affiliation:

Michigan Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Diabetes, Domino's Farms (Lobby C, Suite 1300) 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, Michigan Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Diabetes, Domino's Farms (Lobby C, Suite 1300) 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, University of Michigan School of Public Health, M2515 SPH II, 1415 Washington Heights Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, Michigan Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Diabetes, Domino's Farms (Lobby C, Suite 1300) 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106



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