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Type 2 Diabetes Risk Among University Students in Malaysia

Author(s):

Aishairma Aris, Hasnah Yahaya, Lee Onn Yoong and Ng Qiu Ying   Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a preventable condition. Targeting those who are at risk of getting this disease is essential.

Objective: To examine T2D risk among university students in Malaysia and determine its relationship with socio-demographic characteristics and physical activity.

Methods: The study was conducted cross-sectionally on 390 students selected using quota sampling method from 13 faculties in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. A short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Finnish Diabetes Risk Score were used to measure the physical activity and T2D risk.

Results: The T2D risk was found to be low (M = 5.23, SD = 3.32) with more than two-third of the student population was at the low risk level while a significant proportion of 23.8%, 5.6% and 0.3% having slightly elevated, moderate and high risk respectively. The T2D risk was significantly related to their age (rho = 0.197, p < 0.000), gender (U = 12641, p = 0.011), ethnic group (χ2 = 18.86, p < 0.000), marital status (χ2 = 6.597, p = 0.037), residence (U = 10345, p = 0.008), academic year (χ2 = 14.24, p = 0.007) and physical activity (rho = -0.205, p < 0.000 and χ2 = 13.515, p = 0.001). Of these, only age (β=0.130) and physical activity (β=-0.159) remained significant in the regression analysis.

Conclusion: The findings call for a radical change in the nursing practice to target on the amendable factors that are significant in order to prevent the progression of the risk towards type 2 diabetes.

Keywords:

Diabetes risk score, physical activity, risk assessment, type 2 diabetes, IPAQ, FINDRISC.

Affiliation:

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Kuala Lumpur,, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Kuala Lumpur,, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Kuala Lumpur,, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Kuala Lumpur



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