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The Effects of Smoking Cessation on Diabetes Mellitus Patients

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Ali Alshahrani*   Pages 137 - 142 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: Smoking is an established predictor of type 2 diabetes. However, the link between smoking cessation and diabetes progression remains a subject of scholarly investigation.

Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to establish the link between smoking cessation and diabetes.

Data Sources: The study utilized conference abstracts and peer-reviewed journals that reported randomized controlled trials smoking cessation interventions for diabetes patients.

Results: Results from the review were inconclusive on the link between smoking cessation and diabetes. On one hand, several researchers have confirmed a positive correlation between smoking cessation and decreased risk of diabetes. On the other hand, some researchers have demonstrated that immediate withdrawal of nicotine resulted in increased risk of diabetes; however, this risk reduces with time.

Conclusion: The result of this review did not estblish a clear relationship between smoking cessation and diabates. Limitations: Compared to other studies examining the implication of smoking on chronic diseases, this study identified a very small number of trials evaluating the effect of smoking cessation on diabetes. The small number of studies implies that the results may not be suitable for generalization.

Implication: Results from the review can help in the development of a tailored intervention for effective management of diabetes in smoking patients.

Keywords:

Diabetes mellitus, smoking, cessation, primary care, body mass index, chronic diseases.

Affiliation:

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Taif University Al Huwaya, Taif 26571



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