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Comparative Analysis of Classification Methods with PCA and LDA for Diabetes

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 8 ]


Dilip Kumar Choubey*, Manish Kumar, Vaibhav Shukla, Sudhakar Tripathi and Vinay Kumar Dhandhania   Pages 833 - 850 ( 18 )


Background: The modern society is extremely prone to many life-threatening diseases, which can be easily controlled as well as cured if diagnosed at an early stage. The development and implementation of a disease diagnostic system have gained huge popularity over the years. In the current scenario, there are certain factors such as environment, sedentary lifestyle, genetic (hereditary) are the major factors behind the life threatening diseases such as ‘diabetes.’ Moreover, diabetes has achieved the status of the modern man’s leading chronic disease. So one of the prime needs of this generation is to develop a state-of-the-art expert system which can predict diabetes at a very early stage with a minimum of complexity and in an expedited manner. The primary objective of this work is to develop an indigenous and efficient diagnostic technique for detection of diabetes.

Method & Discussion: The proposed methodology comprises of two phases: In the first phase The Pima Indian Diabetes Dataset (PIDD) has been collected from the UCI machine learning repository databases and Localized Diabetes Dataset (LDD) has been gathered from Bombay Medical Hall, Upper Bazar Ranchi, Jharkhand, India. In the second phase, the dataset has been processed through two different approaches. The first approach entails classification through Adaboost, Classification via Regression (CVR), Radial Basis Function Network (RBFN), K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) on Pima Indian Diabetes Dataset and Localized Diabetes Dataset. In the second approach, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) have been applied as a feature reduction method followed by using the same set of classification methods used in the first approach. Among all of the implemented classification methods, PCA_CVR achieves the maximum performance for both the above mentioned datasets.

Conclusion: In this article, comparative analysis of outcomes obtained by with and without the use of PCA and LDA for the same set of classification method has been done w.r.t performance assessment. Finally, it has been concluded that PCA & LDA both are useful to remove the insignificant features, decreasing the expense and computation time while improving the ROC and accuracy. The used methodology may similarly be applied to other medical diseases.


Adaboost, classification, CVR, feature reduction, KNN, localized diabetes dataset, LDA, RBF N, PCA, pima Indian diabetes dataset.


School of Computer Science and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Department of E.C.E & Biomedical Engineering, Mody University of Science and Technology, Sikar, Tech Mahindra Mumbai, Depatment of Information Technology, Rajkiya Engineering College, Ambedkar Nagar, Bombay Medical Hall, Upper Bazar, Ranchi

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