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A Review of Statistical and Machine Learning Techniques for Microvascular Complications in Type 2 Diabetes

Author(s):

Nitigya Sambyal*, Poonam Saini and Rupali Syal   Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Background and Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that has emerged as a serious public health issue worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), without interventions, the number of diabetic incidences is expected to be at least 629 million by 2045. Uncontrolled diabetes gradually leads to progressive damage to eyes, heart, kidneys, blood vessels and nerves.

Method: The paper presents a critical review of existing statistical and Artificial Intelligence (AI) based machine learning techniques with respect to DM complications namely retinopathy, neuropathy and nephropathy. The statistical and machine learning analytic techniques are used to structure the subsequent content review.

Result: It has been inferred that statistical analysis can help only in inferential and descriptive analysis whereas, AI based machine learning models can even provide actionable prediction models for faster and accurate diagnose of complications associated with DM.

Conclusion: The integration of AI based analytics techniques like machine learning and deep learning in clinical medicine will result in improved disease management through faster disease detection and cost reduction for disease treatment.

Keywords:

Microvascular complications, retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, machine learning, statistical analysis

Affiliation:

Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Punjab Engineering College, Sector 12, Chandigarh-160012, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Punjab Engineering College, Sector 12, Chandigarh-160012, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Punjab Engineering College, Sector 12, Chandigarh-160012



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