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The Prospect for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Combined with Exercise and Synbiotics: A Perspective

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Luthfia Dewi*, Ali Rosidi, Etika Ratna Noer and Annisa Ayuningtyas   Pages 1 - 9 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Change in gut microbiome diversity (the so-called dysbiosis) is correlated with insulin resistance conditions. Exercise is typically the first management for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which is generally well-known for improving glucose regulation. The new prebiotics and probiotics, like synbiotics, designed to target specific diseases, require additional studies. While the effectiveness of exercise combined with synbiotics seems promising, this review discusses these agents’ possibility of increasing the gut microbiota’s diversity. Therefore, they could enhance short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). In particular, the synbiotic interaction on gut microbiota, the exercise mechanism in improving gut microbiota, and the prospect of the synergistic effect of the combination of synbiotic and exercise to improve insulin sensitivity are addressed.

Keywords:

Exercise, gut microbiota, insulin sensitivity, short-chain fatty acid, synbiotic, T2DM.

Affiliation:

Nutrition Department, Faculty of Nursing and Health Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang 50273, Semarang, Nutrition Department, Faculty of Nursing and Health Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang 50273, Semarang, Nutrition Department, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University 50275, Semarang, Nutrition Department, Faculty of Nursing and Health Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang 50273, Semarang



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