Abd El-Ghany MI*, Nahed Abdallah and Waleed Eldars Pages 8 - 15 ( 8 )
Background: Type 2 diabetes is a part of metabolic syndrome associated with a higher risk of vascular complications. Diabetes is characterized by changes in platelet morphology, function, and platelet hyperactivity so, it's considered a prothrombotic condition. Morbidity and mortality in people with type 2 diabetes-related to micro and macrovascular complications. Novel biomarkers are needed to identify and treat people at higher risk.Objective: The main objective of this controlled cross-sectional study was to evaluate Platelet volume indices (PVI) in subjects with type 2 diabetes with and without complications in comparison to subjects without diabetes. Methods: Hundred and thirty-five subjects aged from 35 to 60 years were subdivided into 3 groups. Group A includes 55 subjects with type 2 diabetes with complications. Group B includes 45 subjects with type 2 diabetes without complications. Group C includes 35 normal healthy subjects. Detailed clinical history was taken. Also, PVI, fasting blood glucose (FBG), hemoglobin A1c, and creatinine were obtained. Results: Mean Platelet Volume (MPV), Platelet Distribution Width (PDW), Plateletcrit (PCT), and Platelet large cell ratio (P-LCR) were significantly higher among subjects with retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy than other subjects with diabetes who didn't develop complications (P<0.001). At cutoff value > 11.9 fL, MPV have diagnostic sensitivity 80% and specificity 97.8%. Whereas PDW >16.9fL has a sensitivity of 74.5% and specificity of 100% for diabetic microvascular complications (retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy). Conclusion: MPV and PDW may be considered as possible biomarkers for the early detection of diabetic microvascular complications.
Diabetes, platelet indices, mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, platelet large cell ratio, microvascular complications.
Department of Internal Medicine (Endocrinology & Diabetes Unit), Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Department of Physiology at Specialized Medical Hospital, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura