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Risk Assessment for Diabetes Mellitus by Using Indian Diabetes Risk Score among Office Workers of Health Institutions of South India

Author(s):

Ramesh Holla, Darshan Bhagawan*, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Durga Nandhini Masanamuthu, Srinjoy Bhattacharya, Arushi Kejriwal, Vetha Palani Chellakkannu, Nidhi Shreshtha and Errol Moras  

Abstract:


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the non-communicable diseases plaguing the world and contributes a major part to the total disease burden. Diabetes has been prevalent in all countries throughout the years, with the majority of diabetics living in low- and middle-income countries. Madras Diabetes Research Foundation developed the Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS), a simple and cost-effective method to assess the chances of developing diabetes.

Objectives: To assess the diabetes risk profile of office workers using IDRS and to determine the proportion of individual risk factors of diabetes among the participants.

Methods: This cross sectional study included 94 non-diabetic office workers working in two health care institutions situated in coastal South India. Data was collected by a study questionnaire consisting of three sections. Section A included details related to participant characteristics, Section B included anthropometric measurements, and Section C consisted of the Indian Diabetes Risk Score. The collected data were coded and entered into Statistical Package for Social Sciences.

Results: The mean age of the study participants was 40.88 (±9.761) years, and the mean BMI was 23.8 (±3.6) kg/m2. Majority (n=65, 67%) of the study participants did not have a family history of diabetes. One-third of the study participants had IDRS ≥ 60, which allocated them in the high risk category for type 2 diabetes (n=34, 35.1%).

Conclusion: It has been conclusively shown from the study that most of the office workers have moderate to high risk of developing diabetes and are also overweight or obese.

Keywords:

Non communicable disease, Diabetes, risk score, IDRS, India, risk category

Affiliation:

Department of Community Medicine Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, Department of Community Medicine Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, Department of Community Medicine Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, Department of Community Medicine Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, Department of Community Medicine Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, Department of Community Medicine Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, Department of Community Medicine Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, Department of Community Medicine Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, Department of Community Medicine Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka



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