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Current Status of Knowledge and Awareness of Diabetes Mellitus in Saudi Arabia

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Asirvatham Alwin Robert*, Ahmad Dakeel Al Awad and Mohamed Abdulaziz Al Dawish   Pages 4 - 10 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease, and the complications may be life-threatening; however, with proper treatment and control measures, it can be very well-managed. Self-management training and education of diabetes are critical in diabetes care and management. It is essential that patients with diabetes must have a comprehensive understanding of the nature of the disease, risk factors, complications, and possible treatment modalities to attenuate the complications. Over the last few years, DM in Saudi Arabia has been rapidly growing at an alarming rate. It has affected around one-fifth of the adult population, and by 2030, the numbers are predicted to rise further and exceed more than double the present number. An estimated tenfold increase has been reported over the past three decades in Saudi Arabia. However, there has not been much research focusing on understanding the knowledge and awareness of DM in Saudi Arabia as compared to developed nations. This review aims to present an overview of the current knowledge and awareness level of DM among the population of Saudi Arabia through an extensive review of the currently available literature. The review findings could be of immense assistance to the government, healthcare systems, educational institutions, and researchers to develop evidence-based programs, policies, and guidelines towards increasing the knowledge and awareness about diabetes and its management, so that early detection and management can be ensured to control the escalating burden of diabetes in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords:

Knowledge, awareness, diabetes, diabetes education, diabetes complication, type 2 diabetes, macrovascular complications, Saudi Arabia.

Affiliation:

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Diabetes Treatment Center, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Department of Family Medicine, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Diabetes Treatment Center, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh



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