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Indicators of Obesity and Cardio-metabolic Risks: Important Consideration in Adults and Children


Fahimeh Soheilipour, Mahsa Hatami *, Hamid Salehiniya and Mohammadreza Alaei   Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )


The prevalence of obesity has dramatically increased all over the world. Body mass index (BMI) has been used as the most common available measure to determining obesity status. While the site of excessive fat mass accumulation is a stronger determinant of cardio-metabolic complication, with respect to systemic and generalized obesity, which is only determined through BMI. So, it is concluded that using traditional anthropometric indices such as BMI for interpreting the obesity status and cardio-metabolic risk has considerable limitations. Thus, the main aims of the present study are to discuss possible drawbacks of anthropometric indices especially BMI, which in epidemiological studies are usually neglected, as well as lend important consideration to using other anthropometric indices such as measurement of obesity and related cardio-metabolic complications with a special emphasis on the use of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio.


Obesity, Body mass index, anthropometric, adiposity, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio.


Pediatric growth and development research center, institute of endocrinology and metabolism, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Mofid Children’s Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR

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